1. Radmila Arbutina, Medicinski fakultet Banja Luka ::Save Mrkalja 14,
Republic of Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina
2. Nataša Trtić, Republic of Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina
3. Ognjenka Janković, Republic of Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina
4. Valentina Veselinović, University of Banja Luka, Medical Faculty, Republic of Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina
5. Vladan Mirjanić, Medicinski fakultet, Odsjek Stomatologija, Univerzitet u Banja Luci, Republic of Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina
INTRODUCTION: Dental erosions are defined as an irreversible loss of hard dental tissue caused by long-lasting and repetitive acid action, which dissolves the surface layer of hydroxyapatite crystal structure and fluorapatite, and the aggressive noxis not being created by the bacteria. Dental erosions can also be classified as occupational diseases. People who taste wine or carbonated drinks on a daily basis, as well as the people who are professionally engaged in swimming can spot this type of defect on their own teeth. Evaporation of industrial acids in battery factories, sanitary materials, or crystalline glass can also lead to dental erosions.
AIM: The aim of this work is to establish whether there is a statistical significance in difference between tooth erosion index with the respondents in the control and the experimental group that are on a therapy with antihypertensive medications.
MATERIAL AND METHOD: This research involved 62 respondents, aged from 20 to 70. Patients were classified into two groups, the experimental group with 31 patients being on a therapy with antihypertensive medications for more than 5 years, and the other one, control group, with 31 patients not being on the mentioned therapy. The subjective dental anamnesis obtained from the patients was noted along with tooth status, soft tissue intraoral examination and the degree of erosive changes according to BEWE index.
RESULTS: Comparing the statistical significance in difference between erosive index value of all teeth and the teeth in the upper jaw proved there is statistical difference of the average value. In the experimental group (p<0.05) higher values of tooth erosion index were noted in comparison with the control group. The average value in the experimental group is 2.25, while in the control group it is 1.375.
CONCLUSION: Erosive lesions are present in both, experimental and control group respondents, with dental erosion being more explicit with patients who use antihypertensive medications.
SIMPOZIJUM B - Biomaterijali i nanomedicina