1. Duško Dudić, Department of Chemistry, University of the Free State, Private Bag X13, Phuthaditjhaba, 9866 South A, Serbia
Vehicle electrification has posed a new challenge for the scientific community. The success of the vehicle electrification processes depends on the ability of scientists and engineers to develop sufficiently cheap and environmentally friendly batteries. The battery powered vehicles, as hybrid or fully electric, are limited in performance by the price and size of the batteries. The electrochemical batteries are in intensive use to power today's vehicles. Environmental and safety risks associated with this type of battery, their price and an limited lifespan are the reasons why great efforts are being made today in the search for a more suitable type of battery. This presentation provides an insight into the achievements of electricity storage in materials without electrochemical processes. The absence of chemical processes would dramatically extend the life of such batteries compared to the existing batteries on the market, and the choice of materials for their manufacture could be more environmentally friendly. Energy density storage is the biggest problem of non-chemical batteries, but their aforementioned advantages over electrochemical batteries justify the further development of such battery systems.